The Declaration and Program of Action on a Culture of Peace recognizes that the adherence to the principles of freedom, justice, democracy, tolerance, solidarity, cooperation, pluralism, cultural diversity, dialogue and understanding at all levels of society and among nations is a vital element for the promotion of a culture of peace.
In this attempt, the role played by parents, teachers, politicians, journalists, intellectuals, those engaged in scientific, philosophical and creative and artistic activities is fundamental.
One of the greatest dangers to the promotion of a culture of peace is the unlawful destruction of cultural heritage, and the looting and smuggling of cultural property in the event of armed conflicts, notably by terrorist groups, and the attempt to deny historical roots and cultural diversity in this context can fuel and exacerbate conflict and hamper post-conflict national reconciliation, thereby undermining the security, stability, governance, social, economic and cultural development of affected States.
Fundación Paz sin Fronteras welcomes that on 24 March 24 2017 the UN Security Council adopted for the first time ever Resolution 2347 by which affirms that directing unlawful attacks against sites and buildings dedicated to religion, education, art, science or charitable purposes, or historic monuments may constitute, under certain circumstances and pursuant to international law a war crime.
Based on this historic resolution, Member States are encouraged to take preventive measures to safeguard their nationally owned cultural property and their other cultural property of national importance in the context of armed conflicts, including as appropriate through documentation and consolidation of their cultural property in a network of “safe havens” in their own territories to protect their property.
Taking into account that art cannot be taken or left, and that artistic creation is absolutely necessary to live, as Oscar Wilde -an Irish playwright and novelist-, said, the protection of arts and culture results essential for the creation of open societies and the promotion of a culture of peace.